【英文电台】中西方饮食文化的比较1
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发布于:2022-05-18 09:16
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声音&后期:离宝(本up)

BGM: 昼夜-钢琴曲《给某某》

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People from different countries speak different languages, keep different value systems, and have different ways of looking at things. So does in food dietetic culture. It is upsetting to find people who behave different from us. We may, at first, assume that something is wrong with them. While different cultures may have different ways of responding to compliments. Culture differences are also subtle and often unrecognized or overlooked. So learn about other cultures can help you avoid misunderstandings. Let me talk about its difference of food dietetic culture between Chinese and western countries.


Because of the difference of value system between Chinese and western countries, the western people insist that science is the most importance in food diet. It means that they think highly of nutrition. So keeping a balanced and nutritious diet is the western people’s highest principle. Eating is like a living machine being added fuel, especially the nutrition of food.


Whether fat, protein, carbohydrate, and vitamin are fit together and the sufficient calorie offering are quite a big deal for cooking. Side effect and absorption are unacceptable no matter how delicious the dish is. Appearance, fragrance and taste involved in the dish is just the second choice of the western people while Chinese are very keen on that. Although there are something common in food diet of France and China, the nutrition is expectation.


We can understand the cultural character of our ethnic better from seeking the common ground while accepting the existing difference. And then, we can improve our intercultural communication skill which can help us understand the western people’s idea easily and impress them. Cross-cultural communication in the early days people often feel the power of cultural conflict. Through studying the difference of food dietetic culture between Chinese and western countries, we can avoid many misunderstanding efficiently.


Another different food culture between China and western countries is about food etiquette.Etiquette is an important aspect that should deserve our enough attention in both Chinese and Western food cultures. However, because of disparities between Chinese and Western cultures, different food etiquette consequently manifests different features. Therefore, a comparison between different etiquette in Chinese and Western food cultures will not only help us better understand those culturally rooted causes, but also improve cross-cultural communication.The following two aspects of etiquette in Chinese and Western food cultures will be discussed: different tableware and seating arrangement.


(ⅰ)Different tableware: chopsticks vs. fork and knife

In China and some eastern countries, when people have meal they use chopsticks, but use a knife and fork generally by western people. Chopsticks, knife and fork played a very important role in the development of respectively social culture, including bright but special cultural breathing.


( ⅱ ) Different seating arrangement

Due to cultural differences between China and Western countries, the seating arrangements of guests and the host also vary in organizing the banquet, for example: South and north vs. right and left, Men first vs. Ladies first. In China, the seat facing south in a banquet is usually regarded as the most honorable, while the seat facing north is comparatively less in importance.


However, in Western countries, the situation is quite different. In ancient times, a person used to hold a dagger in his right hand to carry out his assassination .Only when the guest was arranged to sit on the left side of the host, was it inconvenient for an assassin to perform the action, but much easier for the host to subdue the assassin and protect the guest. Therefore, the most distinguished guest was arranged to sit on the left side of the host.


When the seating arrangement for the male and the female in a formal banquet is concerned, China and Western countries have respective principles to follow. In China, particularly in ancient times, the image of the female was hardly found in any formal banquets, which accords with the Chinese traditional belief that men are expected to be dominant in the society. In Western countries, however, the principle of "Ladies first" is their traditional belief as well as an important social manner.